Complementary-LVTSCR BSD protection circuit for submicron CMOS VLSI/ULSI

Ming-Dou Ker*, Chung-Yu Wu, Hun Hsien Chang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


There are one LVTSCR device merged with shortchannel NMOS and another LVTSCR device merged with shortchannel PMOS in complementary style to offer effective and direct ESD discharging paths from the input or output pads to VSS and VDD power lines. The trigger voltages of LVTSCR devices are lowered to the snapback-breakdown voltages of short-channel NMOS and PMOS devices. This compIementary-LVTSCR ESD protection circuit offers four different discharging paths to oneby-one bypass the four modes of ESD stresses at the pad, so it can effectively avoid the unexpected ESD damages on internal circuits. Experimental results show that it can perform excellent ESD protection capability in a smaller layout area as compared to the conventional CMOS ESD protection circuit. The device characteristics under high-temperature environment of up to 150° C is also experimentally investigated to guarantee the safety of this proposed ESD protection circuit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)580-587
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1996

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