An 8.3-kb human endogenous retroviral-tRNAGlu (HERV-E)-encoding cDNA clone and a 1.5-kb genomic clone were isolated from a Chinese-derived cervical cancer cell line, CC7T, and their sequences determined. The former is a full-length endogenous retroviral cDNA containing corresponding u5-gag-pol-env-u3-r regions. The latter is a partial retroviral DNA segment, covering the gag and pol genes. Analysis of normal human DNA by Southern blot hybridization with three specific HERV-E molecular DNA probes revealed complex restriction-fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP), implying that the human genome contains diverse proviral structures and dispersed integration sites. The complex patterns were virtually identical between DNAs from African-Americans, Asians and Caucasians, with only a few minor variations. The data suggest that these proviral sequences were mostly incorporated into the human genome before racial divergence and, hence, may serve as markers for distinct chromosomal sites.
- Proviral structure
- restriction-fragment length polymorphism
- transduced sequence
- truncated structure