Chiral optical Tamm states: Temporal coupled-mode theory

Ivan V. Timofeev*, Pavel S. Pankin, Stepan Ya Vetrov, Vasily G. Arkhipkin, Wei Lee, Victor Ya Zyryanov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The chiral optical Tamm state (COTS) is a special localized state at the interface of a handedness-preserving mirror and a structurally chiral medium such as a cholesteric liquid crystal or a chiral sculptured thin film. The spectral behavior of COTS, observed as reflection resonances, is described by the temporal coupled-mode theory. Mode coupling is different for two circular light polarizations because COTS has a helical structure replicating that of the cholesteric. The mode coupling for co-handed circularly polarized light exponentially attenuates with the cholesteric layer thickness since the COTS frequency falls into the stop band. Cross-handed circularly polarized light freely goes through the cholesteric layer and can excite COTS when reflected from the handedness-preserving mirror. The coupling in this case is proportional to anisotropy of the cholesteric and theoretically only anisotropy in magnetic permittivity can ultimately cancel this coupling. These two couplings being equal result in a polarization crossover (the Kopp–Genack effect) for which a linear polarization is optimal to excite COTS. The corresponding cholesteric thickness and scattering matrix for COTS are generally described by simple expressions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113
JournalCrystals
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Cholesteric liquid crystal
  • Handedness-preserving mirror
  • Optical Tamm state

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