In this study, we explore the operation of operation a novel asymmetric Schottky-barrier transistor (ASSBT) through using technology computer aided design (TCAD). The new ASSBT features a silicided Schottky-barrier (SB) source, with the channel and drain made of heavily n-doped silicon. By eliminating the SB drain junction contained in conventional symmetrical-type SB metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs), a larger on-state current is achievable. Moreover, combined with the adoption of fully depleted thin-film channel, the off-state leakage current can be efficiently suppressed as well. In addition, we also comprehensively analyze the transport mechanisms dominating in different operational regions of this new ASSBT. A pseudo-subthreshold region that shows worse subthreshold swing (SS) than the subthreshold region is identified. A decrease in channel and/or gate oxide thicknesses can contribute to the improvement of the SS of this region. A modified form of scaling length (λ) is also introduced to describe the impacts of structural parameters and gate configurations on the SS characteristics of this new ASSBT.