Characteristics of low-temperature pulse-laser-deposited (Pb,Sr)TiO 3 films in metal/ferroelectric/silicon structure

Jyh Liang Wang*, Yi Sheng Lai, Trent Gwo Yann Lee, Bi Shiou Chiou, Chun Chien Tsai, Huai Yuan Tseng, Chueh Kuei Jan, Huang-Chung Cheng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


In this study, pulsed-laser deposited (Pb,Sr)TiO3 (PSrT) films on p-type Si were studied at low substrate temperatures ranging from 300 to 450 °C for metal/ferroelectric/semiconductor applications. The substrate temperature strongly enhances film crystallinity without significant inter-diffusion at the PSrT/Si interface and affects the electrical properties. As the substrate temperature increases, the films have smaller leakage currents, fewer trap states at the electrode interfaces, clockwise capacitance versus applied field hysteresis loops and larger memory windows correlated with superior crystallinity. Conversely, 300 °C-deposited films exhibit a small and counterclockwise loop with a positive shift of the flatband voltage, attributed to more negative trap charges within the films. However, the high substrate temperature (450 °C) may produce serious Pb-O volatilization, incurring more defects and leakage degradation. The analyses of fixed charge density and flatband voltage shift reveal the trap status and agree well with the leakage characteristic. An electron band model of the Pt/PSrT/Si electronic structure is proposed to explain the electrical behaviour. The excellent fatigue endurance with a small variation of memory windows (<11%) after 10 10 switching is also demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number023
Pages (from-to)254-259
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 7 Jan 2007

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