In this work, we have successfully grown a-plane green light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on r-plane sapphire and investigated the device characteristics of a-plane green LEDs. The apparent emission polarization anisotropy was observed and the polarization degree was as high as 67.4%. In addition, the electroluminescence (EL) spectra first revealed a wavelength blue-shift with increasing drive current to 20 mA, which could be attributed to the band-filling effect, and then the EL peak become constant. The current-voltage curve showed the forward voltage of a-plane LED grown on r-plane sapphire substrate was 3.43 V and the differential series resistance was measured to be about 24 Ω as 20-mA injected current. Furthermore, the output power was 240 μW at 100-mA drive current.
- A-plane GaN
- Electroluminescence (EL)
- Green light-emitting diodes (LEDs)
- Polarization degree