CELLI: Indoor positioning using polarized sweeping light beams

Yu Lin Wei, Chang Jung Huang, Hsin Mu Tsai, Ching-Ju Lin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Existing visible light positioning (VLP) systems leverage the high image resolution of a receiving camera to support high positioning accuracy. However, power-hungry cameras might not always be applicable for many scenarios, such as smart factories, in which small objects require to be accurately localized and tracked. In this paper, we introduce CELLI, an indoor VLP system that only uses a single luminary as the transmitter and requires only a simple light sensor to achieve an extremely high accuracy with centimeter-level error. The key idea is to provide the spatial resolution capability from the transmitter instead of the receiver, so that the complexity of the receiver can be minimized. In particular, a small LCD is installed at the transmitter to project a large number of narrow and interference-free polarized light beams to different spatial cells. A receiving light sensor identifies its located cell by detecting the unique polarization-modulated signals projected to that cell. CELLI further incorporates a number of novel designs to overcome the technical challenges such as reducing the positioning latency, which is typically limited by the long optical response time of an LCD, and transforming a cell coordinate to the global 3D position using only a single light. We have prototyped our design using off-the-shelf optical and electrical components, and experimentally shown that CELLI achieves a median 3D positioning error less than 11.8 cm and a median 2D positioning error to less than 2.7 cm.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMobiSys 2017 - Proceedings of the 15th Annual International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Pages136-147
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781450349284
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2017
Event15th ACM International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services, MobiSys 2017 - Niagara Falls, United States
Duration: 19 Jun 201723 Jun 2017

Publication series

NameMobiSys 2017 - Proceedings of the 15th Annual International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services

Conference

Conference15th ACM International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services, MobiSys 2017
CountryUnited States
CityNiagara Falls
Period19/06/1723/06/17

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