The electronic and optical properties of several possible C/B-codoped models of anatase and rutile TiO2 have been investigated systematically using spin-polarized density functional theory calculations. Our calculated results show that the synergistic effect of C/B codoping can induce some hybridized energy states appearing in the forbidden gap and the band gap has a narrowing in anatase and rutile TiO2, which can lead to a decrease of the photon excitation energy and an obvious red-shift of the optical absorption edge. These results lead to an excellent photocatalytic activity in C/B-codoped TiO2. Moreover, with the increase of C and B impurities' concentration in anatase and rutile TiO2, we find that the intensity of impurity states has a strengthening in the band gap, the position of impurity states changes, and the visible-light absorption performance improves gradually.
- SI-DOPED TIO2; TITANIUM-DIOXIDE; 1ST-PRINCIPLES CALCULATIONS; ANATASE TIO2; RUTILE TIO2; BORON; PHOTOACTIVITY; TRANSITION; CRYSTALS; SOLIDS