Calcium oscillations in fertilized pig oocytes are associated with repetitive interactions between STIM1 and ORAI1

Lu Zhang, Chi-Hong Chao, Laurie A. Jaeger, Agnes Bali Papp, Zoltan Machaty*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Ca 2+ entry mechanism that sustains the Ca 2+ oscillations in fertilized pig oocytes was investigated. Stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) and ORAI1 proteins tagged with various fluorophores were expressed in the oocytes. In some cells, the Ca 2+ stores were depleted using cyclopiazonic acid (CPA); others were inseminated. Changes in the oocytes' cytosolic free Ca 2+ concentration were monitored, while interaction between the expressed fusion proteins was investigated using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). Store depletion led to an increase of the FRET signal in oocytes co-expressing mVenus-STIM1 and mTurquoise2-ORAI1, indicating that Ca 2+ release was followed by an interaction between these proteins. A similar FRET increase in response to CPA was also detected in oocytes co-expressing mVenus-STIM1 and mTurquoise2-STIM1, which is consistent with STIM1 forming punctae after store depletion. ML-9, an inhibitor that can interfere with STIM1 puncta formation, blocked store-operated Ca 2+ entry (SOCE) induced by Ca 2+ add-back after a CPA treatment; it also disrupted the Ca 2+ oscillations in fertilized oocytes. In addition, oocytes overexpressing mVenus-STIM1 showed high-frequency Ca 2+ oscillations when fertilized, arguing for an active role of the protein. High-frequency Ca 2+ oscillations were also detected in fertilized oocytes co-expressing mVenus-STIM1 and mTurquoise2-ORAI1, and both of these high-frequency Ca 2+ oscillations could be stopped by inhibitors of SOCE. Importantly, in oocytes co-expressing mVenus-STIM1 and mTurquoise2-ORAI1, we were also able to detect cyclic increases of the FRET signal indicating repetitive interactions between STIM1 and ORAI1. The results confirm the notion that in pig oocytes, SOCE is involved in the maintenance of the repetitive Ca 2+ transients at fertilization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)510-519
Number of pages10
JournalBiology of Reproduction
Volume98
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • ORAI1
  • STIM1
  • calcium
  • fertilization
  • oocyte
  • pig

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