Low-k dielectric silicon carbonitride (SiCxNy) films are deposited by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition using a carbon-rich silazane precursor, N-methyl-aza-2,2,4-trimethylsilacyclopentane (SiC7NH17), at 100 °C. The post-treatments of SiCxNy films are carried out by thermal annealing and a broadband UV-assisted thermal annealing (UV-annealing) at 400 °C for 5 min. Compared to the thermal annealing treatment, UV-annealing can improve both dielectric and mechanical properties of low-k SiCxNy films. Under thermal annealing, SiCxNy films show great thermal stability, but little structural change. In contrast, upon UV-annealing, most of the Si-H and N-H bonds are broken up, which induces more Si-N cross-linking and converts Si-C matrix into Si-N matrix. The ethylene bridges in Si-(CH2)2-Si also remain intact, but the unbridged hydrocarbons in Si-(CH2)2-N and Si-CH2-CH3 bonds decompose completely during the UV-annealing process. These account for the reduced dielectric constant to k = 3.2 from 3.6 and a 21% enhancement of Young's modulus to 7.4 GPa in the SiCxNy films after UV-annealing. Broadband UV-annealing shows promise as a post-treatment method for enhancing the properties of low-k dielectric barrier, SiCxNy films.
|Journal||Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Nanotechnology and Microelectronics|
|State||Published - 1 Nov 2018|