Branch-and-bound task allocation with task clustering-based pruning

Yung Cheng Ma*, Tien-Fu Chen, Chung-Ping Chung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


We propose a task allocation algorithm that aims at finding an optimal task assignment for any parallel programs on a given machine configuration. The theme of the approach is to traverse a state-space tree that enumerates all possible task assignments. The efficiency of the task allocation algorithm comes from that we apply a pruning rule on each traversed state to check whether traversal of a given sub-tree is required by taking advantage of dominance relation and task clustering heuristics. The pruning rules try to eliminate partial assignments that violate the clustering of tasks, but still keeping some optimal assignments in the future search space. In contrast to previous state-space searching methods for task allocation, the proposed pruning rules significantly reduce the time and space required to obtain an optimal assignment and lead the traversal to a near optimal assignment in a small number of states. Experimental evaluation shows that the pruning rules make the state-space searching approach feasible for practical use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1223-1240
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Parallel and Distributed Computing
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2004


  • Branch-and-bound
  • Dominance relation
  • Pruning rule
  • State-space searching
  • Task allocation

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