Blocked-z test for reducing rasterization, z test and shading workloads

Chung-Ping Chung, Hong Wei Chen, Hui Chin Yang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We propose a blocked-Z test to effectively eliminate unnecessary data traffic between triangle setup and rasterization. This method works seamlessly with the existing rendering pipeline, with or without those existing fragment-based hierarchical Z/early Z/Z tests. And it performs much better than primitive-based Z test, in terms of data structuring and coverage. In this method, primitives are blocked into proper sizes and blocked-Z tested to filter out the most of hidden blocks, easing the storage and workloads of subsequent rendering tasks. Advantage of this method comes from two features: the blocked test, in which only one test may be sufficient to filter out a group (of the block size) of fragments; and the place of the test saving even unnecessary rasterization. Block sizes are determined statically without hardware nor runtime overhead, and an additional blocked-Z buffer, of the size of [Z buffer/(# fragments in block)], plus blocking and Z-test circuitry, are required. This design lengthens the rendering pipeline, but will not affect the throughput; in fact, it may even increase throughput, since a common wisdom is that the fragment-based pipeline stages are graphics rendering bottlenecks, and our proposal effectively relieves these bottlenecks. Design methods and circuits are given in this paper. Experimental results using Doom3 and Quake4 with various screen sizes show that the rasterization and Z test workloads can be saved up to 70%.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 12th IEEE International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering, CSE 2009 - 7th IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing, EUC 2009
Pages402-407
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Dec 2009
Event7th IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing, EUC 2009 - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: 29 Aug 200931 Aug 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings - 12th IEEE International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering, CSE 2009
Volume2

Conference

Conference7th IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing, EUC 2009
CountryCanada
CityVancouver, BC
Period29/08/0931/08/09

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    Chung, C-P., Chen, H. W., & Yang, H. C. (2009). Blocked-z test for reducing rasterization, z test and shading workloads. In Proceedings - 12th IEEE International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering, CSE 2009 - 7th IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing, EUC 2009 (pp. 402-407). [5284057] (Proceedings - 12th IEEE International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering, CSE 2009; Vol. 2). https://doi.org/10.1109/CSE.2009.464