Blind Dual Watermarking for Color Images' Authentication and Copyright Protection

Xiao Long Liu, Chia Chen Lin*, Shyan-Ming Yuan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


This paper presents a blind dual watermarking mechanism for digital color images in which invisible robust watermarks are embedded for protection and fragile watermarks are embedded for image authentication. For the purpose of copyright protection, the first watermark is embedded using the discrete wavelet transform in YCbCr color space, and it can be extracted blindly without access to the host image. However, fragile watermarking is based on an improved least significant bits' replacement approach in RGB components for image authentication. The authenticity and integrity of a suspicious image can be verified blindly without the host image and the original watermark. The combination of robust and fragile watermarking makes the proposed mechanism suitable for protecting valuable original images. The experimental results indicated that the proposed watermarking mechanism can withstand various processing attacks and accurately locate the tampered area of an image.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1047-1055
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 2018


  • Authentication
  • copyright protection
  • discrete wavelet transform (DWT)
  • least significant bit (LSB)
  • watermarking

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Blind Dual Watermarking for Color Images' Authentication and Copyright Protection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this