Emergency response and pedestrian route planning rely highly on indoor-outdoor geospatial data and a network model of the data; however, indoor geospatial data collection is time-consuming. Several studies have used the architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) model to generate indoor network models. These models are subject to the input data types, and the attributes of interior building objects are usually incomplete; hence, the integration of building information modeling (BIM) and geographic information systems (GIS) can benefit indoor-outdoor integrated applications. To achieve data interoperability, an open BIM standard called Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) is maintained by buildingSMART. In this study, we propose a multi-purpose geometric network model (MGNM) based on BIM and explore the strategy of indoor and outdoor network connections. To achieve the goals, the IFC-to-MGNM conversion includes the following: (1) extraction of building information from IFC, (2) isolation of the MGNM information from the aforementioned building information, and (3) build up the topological relationships of MGNM into GIS Geodatabase. In addition, an entrance-to-street strategy is proposed to connect indoor networks, entrances, and outdoor networks for detailed route planning. The experimental results indicate that the MGNM could be generated from BIM automatically and applied to connect indoor and outdoor features for the multi-purpose application. Two use-case scenarios were developed to validate the proposed methods. Compared to actual distance, the relative error was improved by 5.1% and 65.5% in the horizontal and vertical routes, respectively, over the conventional indoor network model from 2D ground plan. In addition, the computational time taken by the proposed coarse-to-fine route planning method was 25% that of the traditional single-scale route planning method.
- Building information modeling
- Geographic information systems
- Indoor network
- Industry foundation classes