Beyond sharing: Engaging students in cooperative and competitive active learning

Gloria Yi Ming Kao, San-Ju Lin, Chuen-Tsai Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


The authors describe their design for an Internet-based learning environment called BeyondShare in which students are encouraged to gain a deep understanding of the learning material, reflect on the quality of individual constructions through sharing and peer evaluation, and synthesize cross-unit knowledge by integrating self- and peer-produced constructions. A sharing typology may consist of basic sharing, sharing with notification, sharing with feedback, or sharing with interaction. BeyondShare distinguishes itself by combining sharing activities with task structuring and cooperation/competition to achieve active learning. A formal evaluation of BeyondShare was performed with a class of 34 college students who created concept maps for a computer programming language and who were encouraged to become active learners by exchanging roles throughout the experiment. Evaluation results indicate that the students viewed BeyondShare as an easy-to-use environment that motivated them toward comprehensive knowledge integration by sharing construction products with their peers. Potential activities and suggested modifications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-96
Number of pages15
JournalEducational Technology and Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2008


  • Active learning
  • CSCL environment
  • Competition
  • Cooperation
  • Distributed sharing construction

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