Beamlike photon-pair generation for two-photon interference and polarization entanglement

Hsin Pin Lo*, Atsushi Yabushita, Chih-Wei Luo, Pochung Chen, Takayoshi Kobayashi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Beamlike photon pairs were generated by spontaneous parametric down-conversion using a type-II β-BaB 2O 4 crystal. A pump laser generated photon pairs when it transmitted through the crystal and was reflected back into the crystal by a mirror to generate more photon pairs. The photon pairs generated when the pump laser first transmitted through the crystal (first photon pairs) were also reflected back into the crystal to overlap with the light path of the photon pairs generated in the second transmission of the pump laser through the crystal (second photon pairs). We observed interference between the first and second photon pairs modulated with a half period of the wavelength of the photon pairs, which demonstrates two-photon interference using the beamlike photon pairs. The fringe period confirms that the observed interference is not classical interference but quantum two-photon interference. Through rotating the angles of quarter-wave plates in the light paths of the photon pairs, we generated beamlike photon pairs with entangled polarization. The phase between the first and second photon pairs could be tuned by changing the position of mirrors reflecting the pump pulses and photon pairs. The fringes of coincidence counts showed that the beamlike photon pairs have polarization entanglement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022313
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume83
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Feb 2011

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