Beam AoD-based Indoor Positioning for 60 GHz MmWave System

Tsung Ting Tsai, Li Hsiang Shen, Chun Jie Chiu, Kai Ten Feng

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Millimeter wave (mmWave) is capable of supporting ultra-high system performance due to its spatial diversity from directional transmission techniques in fifth generation (5G) wireless networks. Improved by the beamforming, mmWave could be applied to potentially achieve more accurate indoor positioning. Due to impermeability and high path loss of mmWave, most of transmission is operated under line-of-sight (LoS) conditions. In this paper, we propose beam-based midline intersection positioning (BMIP) and advanced beam scaling positioning (ABSP) for indoor positioning. Two mmWave access points (APs) are employed for performing positioning under LoS conditions. The user equipment (UE) will receive downlink information of angle-of-departure (AoD) and corresponding signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) values from two APs, respectively. We have evaluated our proposed BMIP and ABSP indoor positioning algorithms via both mmWave ray-tracing based simulation and experimental implementation using commercialized 60 GHz transceivers. The results demonstrate that our proposed positioning algorithms could achieve the centimeter-level estimation errors.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE 92nd Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC 2020-Fall - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728194844
StatePublished - Nov 2020
Event92nd IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC 2020-Fall - Virtual, Victoria, Canada
Duration: 18 Nov 2020 → …

Publication series

NameIEEE Vehicular Technology Conference
ISSN (Print)1550-2252


Conference92nd IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC 2020-Fall
CityVirtual, Victoria
Period18/11/20 → …


  • angle of departure
  • beam
  • indoor positioning
  • mmWave

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