Bayesian duration modeling and learning for speech recognition

Jen-Tzung Chien*, Chih Hsien Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present the Bayesiari duration modeling and learning for speech recognition under nonstationary speaking rates and noise conditions. In this study, the Gaussian, Poisson and gamma distributions are investigated to characterize duration models. The maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimate of gamma duration model is developed. To exploit the sequential learning, we adopt the Poisson duration model incorporated with gamma prior density, which belongs to the conjugate prior family. When the adaptation data are sequentially observed, the gamma posterior density is produced for twofold advantages. One is to determine the optimal quasi-Bayes (QB) duration parameter, which can be merged in HMM's for speech recognition. The other one is to build the updating mechanism of gamma prior statistics for sequential learning. EM algorithm is applied to fulfill parameter estimation. In the experiments, the proposed Bayesian approaches significantly improve the speech recognition performance of Mandarin broadcast news. The batch and sequential learning are investigated for MAP and QB duration models, respectively.

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