Recently, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes with ordered and monodispersed nanopores have attracted significant attention because the pore sizes and lengths of the AAO membranes can be systematically controlled by changing the anodization parameters. Asymmetries of geometry, wettability, charge, and polarity in nanoporous AAO membranes are now highly desired for applications such as drug delivery, membrane filtration, and catalysis. Although the asymmetries in AAO membranes have been widely studied, AAO membranes whose nanopores simultaneously possess more than two asymmetric properties still need to be developed. In this work, we present a simple method to fabricate asymmetric AAO membranes by combining the post-treatments with the three-step anodization method. The asymmetries of the AAO membranes simultaneously possessing larger nanopores with higher hydrophobicity and smaller nanopores with lower hydrophobicity are characterized by scanning electron microscopy, water contact angle measurements, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Using the asymmetric AAO membranes, nanowires of polystyrene and poly(styrene-block-dimethylsiloxane) with double-sized diameters are also fabricated via the melt and solvent wetting methods, exhibiting that the AAO membranes with double-sized diameters can be used as the templates for generating double-sized polymer nanowires.