Applying particle swarm optimization to parameter estimation of the nonlinear muskingum model

Hone Jay Chu*, Liang-Jeng Chang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Muskingum model is the most widely used method for flood routing in hydrologic engineering. However, the application of the model still suffers from a lack of an efficient method for parameter estimation. Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is applied to the parameter estimation for the nonlinear Muskingum model. PSO does not need any initial guess of each parameter and thus avoids the subjective estimation usually found in traditional estimation methods and reduces the likelihood of finding a local optimum of the parameter values. Simulation results indicate that the proposed scheme can improve the accuracy of the Muskingum model for flood routing. A case study is presented to demonstrate that the proposed scheme is an alternative way to estimate the parameters of the Muskingum model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1024-1027
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Hydrologic Engineering
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Aug 2009

Keywords

  • Estimation
  • Flood routing
  • Hydrologic models
  • Optimization
  • Parameters
  • Particles

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