Application of building information modeling in designing fire evacuation-a case study

Kun Chi Wang, Shih Yu Shih, Wen Shuo Chan, Wei-Chih Wang, Shih Hsu Wang, Abdoul Aziz Gansonre, Jang Jeng Liu, Ming Tsung Lee, Yuan Yuan Cheng, Ming Feng Yeh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

In recent years, the construction industry has been actively seeking for possible applications of Building Information Modeling (BIM), including the domain of building disaster-prevention management. BIM enables us to present a facility layout in three-dimension (3D) and carry the disaster-prevention objects and information whereas the traditional approach can only be presented in two-dimension. Therefore, it could be possible to improve the traditional two-dimensional (2D) plane of building disaster-prevention management. By focusing on fire disaster, this study develops a BIM-based model to support disaster-prevention management. This model includes four modules: personnel safety evaluation, escape route planning, education and training, and equipment maintenance modules. The personnel safety evaluation module integrates BIM with a type of fire simulation software (Fire Dynamics Simulator), while the escape route planning module and safety education and training module help generate escape routes and emergency exits according to the 3D functions of BIM. The fire-fighting equipment maintenance module utilizes the information management ability provided by the BIM to demonstrate 3D location information and condition (maintenance records) of all fire equipment, to increase the quality of the safety education, and ensuring the all fire equipment are maintained in great condition. Above all, this proposed model is applied to a high-tech facility for testing its feasibility.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication31st International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and Mining, ISARC 2014 - Proceedings
EditorsQuang Ha, Ali Akbarnezhad, Xuesong Shen
PublisherUniversity of Technology Sydney
Pages593-601
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780646597119
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014
Event31st International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and Mining, ISARC 2014 - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 9 Jul 201411 Jul 2014

Publication series

Name31st International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and Mining, ISARC 2014 - Proceedings

Conference

Conference31st International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and Mining, ISARC 2014
CountryAustralia
CitySydney
Period9/07/1411/07/14

Keywords

  • Building information modeling
  • Disaster-prevention management
  • Disaster-prevention training
  • Evacuation routes

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