Antibodies against Helicobacter pylori heat shock protein 60 aggravate HSP60-mediated proinflammatory responses

Kuang-Wen Liao, Chen Si Lin, Wen-Liang Chen, Chu Ting Yang, Ching Min Lin, Wei Tung Hsu, Yi Yin Lin, Yi Han Chiu, Kuo Chin Huang, Hsin Yi Wu, Ming Shiang Wu, Chang Jer Wu, Simon Jen Tan Mao, Nu Man Tsai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anti-Helicobacter pylori heat shock protein 60 (HpHSP60) antibodies are usually found in H. pylori-infected patients and are known to be associated with the progression of gastric diseases. However, the effects of these antibodies on the functions of HpHSP60 have not been identified. This study aims to investigate the effects of the interaction between anti-HSP60 antibodies and HpHSP60 on inflammatory responses. Anti-HpHSP60 polyclonal sera and monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were produced to evaluate their effects on HpHSP60-induced IL-8 and TNF-α activity. The results indicated that anti-HpHSP60 polyclonal sera collected from patients infected with H. pylori or from rabbit and mice immunized with HpHSP60 could significantly enhance HpHSP60-mediated IL-8 and TNF-α secretion from monocytic THP-1 cells. Similar effects were also found with anti-HpHSP60 mAbs. Further analysis revealed that this phenomenon was only carried out by anti-HpHSP60 antibody but not by other non-specific mAbs. Moreover, the non-specific mAbs decreased the synergism of HpHSP60 and anti-HpHSP60 mAbs in proinflammatory cytokine induction. Herein, we have examined the role of anti-HpHSP60 antibody in host immune responses for the first time. This study demonstrated that H. pylori HSP60/mAbs could modulate helicobacterial pathogenesis by increasing IL-8 and TNF-α production. The pathogen-specific antibodies may execute potential immune functions rather than recognize or neutralize microbes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-180
Number of pages7
JournalCytokine
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2011

Keywords

  • Anti-HpHSP60 antibody
  • Heat shock protein 60
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • IL-8
  • TNF-α

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