Highly aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been successfully grown in vertical channels of the anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) template by microwave plasma electron cyclotron resonance chemical vapor deposition (ECR-CVD). Nanoporous AAO templates with hexagonal pore pattern were prepared by the two-step anodization of Al films. Following the electroplating of Co catalyst into the pore bottom, multiwalled CNTs were synthesized in the ECR-CVD system using a gas mixture of CH4 and H2. The microstructure of the CNTs was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The CNTs with a very high packing density and a uniform size distribution are well graphitized, and Co particles embedded at their tips implies the tip growth mechanism. The segments of CNTs stretching out of the AAO nanopores still maintain relatively good alignment, and have a very slow growth rate, which allows us to obtain reproducible tube length by tuning the growth time. Field emission measurements of the CNTs showed derivable electron emission properties, attributed to their uniformity in size, good alignment, and good graphitization properties.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Diamond and Related Materials|
|State||Published - 1 Nov 2004|
|Event||Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on New Diamond - Tokyo, Japan|
Duration: 26 Mar 2004 → 29 Mar 2004
- Field emission
- Plasma CVD