Annealing effect on the photoluminescence characteristics of ZnO-nanowires and the improved optoelectronic characteristics of p-NiO/n-ZnO nanowire UV detectors

Yu Ren Li*, Chung Yun Wan, Chia Tsung Chang, Yu Chin Huang, Wan Lin Tsai, Chia Hsin Chou, Kuang Yu Wang, Huang-Chung Cheng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transparent ultraviolet (UV) detectors with nanoheterojunctions (NHJs) of p-type NiO and n-type ZnO nanowires (ZnO-NWs) were successfully fabricated using a DC sputtering system and a hydrothermal process, respectively. After annealing in nitrogen ambient, the near-band-edge emission to deep level emission ratio (NBE/DLE) of ZnO-NWs gradually increased as the temperature increased and reached a maximum of 28.9 at a temperature setting of 500 °C. In contrast, after annealing in oxygen atmosphere, the NBE/DLE of ZnO-NWs initially increased from 1.2 to 5.9 and then decreased to 3.2. At a reverse bias of 2V, the devices with the 500-°C-N2-annealed ZnO-NWs exhibited better sensitivity (JUV/JDark = 5.65; JVisible/JDark = 1.35) to UV light (365 nm, 0.3 mW/cm2) than those with the as-grown ZnO-NWs (JUV/JDark = 4.98; JVisible/JDark = 3.82) because the structural defects in ZnO-NWs were effectively eliminated after annealing in nitrogen ambient at 500 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Article number06FG05
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics
Volume54
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2015

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