Analyzing nanostructures in mesogenic host-guest systems for polarized phosphorescence

Yu Tang Tsai, Chien Yu Chen, Li Yin Chen, Su Hao Liu, Chung Chih Wu*, Yun Chi, Shaw H. Chen, Hsiu Fu Hsu, Jey Jau Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Feasibility of polarized phosphorescent organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) had been previously demonstrated by combining a discotic Pt(II) complex with a glassy-nematic oligofluorene host to form a mesogenic host-guest phosphorescent emitting system. Previous photophysical studies suggested that in the host-guest film, the Pt(II) complex tended to aggregate into columnar stacks, exhibiting metal-metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MMLCT) emission. Both host molecules and guest aggregates in the host-guest films could be oriented by a conductive alignment layer, giving rise to polarized phosphorescence from the Pt(II) aggregates. Nevertheless, film morphologies and nanostructures of the mesogenic host-guest systems have remained to be elucidated. In this work, grazing incidence X-ray scattering (GIXS) was carried out to analyze nanostructures in both neat films of the discotic Pt(II) complex and mesogenic host-guest mixture films. In addition, confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) was also utilized for visualization of the morphologies of mesogenic host-guest systems. The columnar axes of nanostructured Pt(II) stacks lying on the alignment-treated surfaces were found to be preferentially oriented perpendicular to the rubbing direction, which is responsible for the observed linearly polarized phosphorescence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-321
Number of pages11
JournalOrganic Electronics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2014


  • GIXS
  • Liquid crystal
  • OLEDs
  • Phosphorescence
  • Polarized emission

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