Analysis and optimum for air cooling thermal module using dimple vortex generators

Kai Shing Yang*, Shu Lin Li, Ing Youn Chen, Chi-Chuan Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines the airside performance of heat sinks having fin patterns of plate fin (Type I), interrupted fin geometry (Type II), dense vortex generator (Type III), and loose vortex generator (Type IV). Test results indicate that the heat transfer performance is strongly related to the developing and fully developed flow characteristics. The augmentations via vortex generator are relatively effective when the flow is in the developing region whereas they become quite less effective in the fully developed region. This is especially pronounced when operated at a lower frontal velocity. Actually the plain fin geometry outperforms most of the enhanced fin patterns such as of type II and type III at the fully developed region. This is because a close spacing prevents the formation of vortex, and the presence of interrupted surface may also suffer from the degradation by constriction of conduction path. The results suggest that the vortex generators operated at a higher frontal velocity is more beneficial than that of plain fin geometry. In association with the VG-1 criteria (same pumping power and same heat transfer capacity), the results show that effective reduction of surface area can be achieved when the frontal velocities are at 3∼5 m/s and the fin patterns are triangular, triangular attack, or two-groups dimple. The result from the present experiment suggests that the asymmetric combination such as using loose vortex generator (Type IV) can be quite effective. The triangular attack vortex generator is regarded as the optimum enhancement design for it could reduce 12∼15% surface area at a frontal velocity around 3∼5 m/s. The asymmetric design is still applicable even when the fin pitch is reduced to 1 mm.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14
Pages441-448
Number of pages8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2010
Event2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14 - Washington, DC, United States
Duration: 8 Aug 201013 Aug 2010

Publication series

Name2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14
Volume3

Conference

Conference2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14
CountryUnited States
CityWashington, DC
Period8/08/1013/08/10

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