In this paper, a neural network-based approach to generating proper prosodic information for spelling/reading English words embedded in background Chinese texts is discussed. It expands an existing RNN-based prosodic information generator for Mandarin TTS to an RNN-MLP scheme for Mandarin-English mixed-lingual TTS. It first treats each English word as a Chinese word and uses the RNN, trained for Mandarin TTS, to generate a set of initial prosodic information for each syllable of the English word. It then refines the initial prosodic information by using additional MLPs. The resulting prosodic information is expected to be appropriate for English-word synthesis as well as to match well with that of the background Mandarin speech. Experimental results showed that the proposed RNN-MLP scheme performed very well. For English word spelling/reading, RMSEs of 41.8/78.2 ms, 30.8/26 ms, 0.65/0.45 ms/frame, and 3.06/4.9 dB were achieved in the open tests for the synthesized syllable duration, inter-syllable pause duration, pitch contour, and energy level, respectively. So it is a promising approach.
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2003|
|Event||8th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology, EUROSPEECH 2003 - Geneva, Switzerland|
Duration: 1 Sep 2003 → 4 Sep 2003
|Conference||8th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology, EUROSPEECH 2003|
|Period||1/09/03 → 4/09/03|