Both IPv6 and session initiation protocol (SIP) are default protocols for Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) all-Internet protocol (IP) network. In the existing mobile telecommunications environments, an IPv6-based UMTS all-IP network needs to interwork with other Internet protocol version 4 (IPv4)-based SIP networks. Therefore, mobile SIP applications are typically offered through an overlay structure over the IPv4-Internet protocol version 6 (IPv6) interworking environments. Based on 3GPP 23.228, we propose an IPv4-IPv6 translation mechanism (i.e., SIPv6 translator) that integrates different IP infrastructures (i.e., IPv4 and IPv6) to provide an overlay network for transparent SIP application deployment. In this paper, we present the architecture and the call flows of the SIPv6 translator. An analytic model is proposed to investigate the fault tolerance issue of our approach. Our study provides guidelines to select appropriate number of processors for fault tolerance.
- Internet protocol multimedia core network subsystem (IMS)
- Internet protocol version 4 (IPv4)
- Internet protocol version 6 (IPv6)
- Session initiation protocol (SIP)
- Third-Generation Partnership Project (3GPP)