An intelligent patent recommender adopting machine learning approach for natural language processing: A case study for smart machinery technology mining

Amy Trappey*, Charles Trappey, Alex Hsieh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Recommendation systems are widely applied in many fields, such as online customized product searches and customer-centric advertisements. This research develops the methodology for a patent recommender to discover semantically relevant patents for further technology mining and trend analysis. The proposed recommender adopts machine learning (ML) algorithms for natural language processing (NLP) to represent patent documents in vector space and to enable semantic analyses of the patent documents. The ML approach of neural network (NN) language models, trained by domain patent documents (text) as a training set, convert patent documents into vectors and, thus, can identify semantically similar patents using document similarity measures. In particular, the proposed recommender is deployed to in-depth case studies for advanced patent recommendations. The case domain of smart machinery is used to better enable smart manufacturing by incorporating innovative technologies, such as intelligent sensors, intelligent controllers, and intelligent decision making. The research uses six sub-domains in smart machinery technologies as the case studies to verify the superior accuracy and efficacy of the recommender system and methodologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120511
Number of pages11
JournalTechnological Forecasting and Social Change
StatePublished - Mar 2021


  • Natural language processing
  • Patent recommendation
  • Word embedding
  • Technology mining and trend analysis

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