An integrated multi-objective model to determine the optimal rescue path and traffic controlled arcs for disaster relief operations under uncertainty environments

Yu-Chiun Chiou*, Yu Hsuan Lai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study proposes an integrated multi-objective model to determine the optimal rescue path and traffic controlled arcs for disaster relief operations under uncertainty environments. The model consists of three sub-models: rescue shortest path model, post-disaster traffic assignment model, and traffic controlled arcs selection model to minimize four objectives: travel time of rescue path, total detour travel time, number of unconnected trips of non-victims, and number of police officers required. Since these sub-models are inter-related with each other, they are solved simultaneously. This study employs genetic algorithms incorporated with traffic assignment and K-shortest path methods to determine optimal rescue path and controlled arcs. To cope with uncertain information associated with the damaged network, fuzzy system reliability theory (weakest t-norm method) is used to measure the access reliability of rescue path. To investigate the validity and applicability of the proposed model, studies on an exemplified case and a field case of Chi-Chi earthquake in Taiwan are conducted. The performances of three rescue strategies: without traffic control, selective traffic control (i.e. the proposed model) and absolute traffic control are compared. The results show that the proposed model can maintain the efficiency of rescue activity with minimal impact to ordinary trips and number of police officers required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-519
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Advanced Transportation
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2008

Keywords

  • Chi-Chi earthquake
  • Disaster relief operations
  • Fuzzy access reliability
  • Genetic algorithms
  • Shortest path algorithm

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