This brief presents an area-efficient turbo decoder based on the reciprocal dual trellis. In this brief, the radix-4 structure is introduced into the reciprocal dual trellis for throughput enhancement, and a sign-arrangement technique is developed to simplify the hardware and reduce the critical path of the recursion metric unit. To further reduce the hardware complexity, a time-multiplexing method with no degradation of throughput is also presented to save half of the extrinsic units, leading to a 15% hardware reduction of the soft-in/soft-out decoder. After implementation by CMOS 90-nm process, the proposed turbo decoder containing 600 k-gates and 152-kb SRAM can achieve 425 Mb/s with 310-mW power consumption at 8/9 code rate. The post-simulation results show that the proposed methods provide a hardware-efficient solution for turbo decoders exploiting high-code-rate operations.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2015|
- area efficient
- high coderate
- Reciprocal dual trellis
- turbo decoder