An Analytical Solution of Groundwater Flow in Wedge-shaped Aquifers with Estuarine Boundary Conditions

Mo Hsiung Chuang, Hund-Der Yeh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The issue of the groundwater fluctuation due to tidal effect in a two-dimensional coastal leaky aquifer system has attracted much attention in recent years. The predictions of head fluctuation play an important role in dealing with groundwater managements and contaminant remediation problems in costal aquifers. This article presents a two-dimensional analytical model describing the groundwater flow in a coastal leaky aquifer of wedge shape affected by the tides and bounded by two estuarine rivers with an arbitrary included angle. The solution of the model is derived in the Polar coordinates by the Hankel transform and finite sine transform. The head fluctuation predicted by this new solution is compared with that by an existing solution for groundwater flow in a non-L shaped tidal aquifer. The groundwater fluctuation due to the joint effect of estuarine tides is explored based on the present solution. Moreover, the influences of the parameters such as diffusion (Di), included angle (Ф), and tidal river coefficients (K1, K2) on the head fluctuation in the aquifer are also assessed and discussed. The results demonstrate that those parameters have significant effects on the head fluctuation in the leaky confined aquifer system. Moreover, the effect of Di increases with Ф, and the effects of K1 and K2 on the normalized amplitude and phase lag of the groundwater fluctuation are significant when both parameter values are larger than 10−5.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5027-5039
Number of pages13
JournalWater Resources Management
Issue number15
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2018


  • Analytical model
  • Coastal leaky aquifer
  • Tidal river
  • Wedge-shaped aquifers

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