Adaptive EEG-based alertness estimation system by using ICA-based fuzzy neural networks

Chin Teng Lin*, Li-Wei Ko, I. Fang Chung, Teng Yi Huang, Yu Chieh Chen, Tzyy Ping Jung, Sheng Fu Liang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Scopus citations


Drivers' fatigue has been implicated as a causal factor in many accidents. The development of human cognitive state monitoring system for the drivers to prevent accidents behind the steering wheel has become a major focus in the field of safety driving. It requires a technique that can continuously monitor and estimate the alertness level of drivers. The difficulties in developing such a system are lack of significant index for detecting drowsiness and the interference of the complicated noise in a realistic and dynamic driving environment. An adaptive alertness estimation methodology based on electroencephalogram, power spectrum analysis, independent component analysis (ICA), and fuzzy neural network (FNNs) models is proposed in this paper for continuously monitoring driver's drowsiness level with concurrent changes in the alertness level. A novel adaptive feature selection mechanism is developed for automatically selecting effective frequency bands of ICA components for realizing an on-line alertness monitoring system based on the correlation analysis between the time-frequency power spectra of ICA components and the driving errors defined as the deviation between the center of the vehicle and the cruising lane in the virtual-reality driving environment. The mechanism also provides effective and efficient features that can be fed into ICA-mixture-model-based self-constructing FNN to indirectly estimate driver's drowsiness level expressed by approximately and predicting the driving error.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2469-2476
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2006


  • Alertness estimation
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)
  • ICA-mixture-model-based self-constructing fuzzy neural networks (ICAFNN)
  • Independent component analysis (ICA)
  • Power spectrum analysis

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