Action research using a chinese career model based on the wisdom of classic of changes and its applications

Shu Hui Liu*, Chih Hung Wang, Chi Ping Deng, Foo Bee Keh, Yi-Jen Lu, Ya Chi Tsai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


To challenge the Taiwan Ministry of Education's (TMOE) dominant enforcement of a person-environment fit model, the Chinese Career Research Center incorporated yin-yang alternation principles from the Classic of Changes (I Ching, Yi Jing or) to develop the model of career development touching the sky yet grounded (TSG) and corresponding practice guidelines, a career website (CCN), and four career service projects. Using Lewin's (1946) cyclical-spiral process of action research, CCN and TSG service projects were promoted to complement the TMOE's fit model, and feedback was utilised to revise our TSG model and its applications. Yin-yang alternation principles and the four stages of chien (the creative) from the Classic of Changes were applied to develop social action strategies. Social change was indicated by counsellors' and students' changes in their career views, as well as the TMOE's direct financial support for TSG service projects. This progress is encouraging for whoever is interested in developing culture-inclusive indigenous psychology with practical outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-94
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pacific Rim Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 12 Dec 2014


  • Chinese philosophy
  • Classic of Changes (Yi Jing)
  • career counselling
  • career development
  • indigenous psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Action research using a chinese career model based on the wisdom of classic of changes and its applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this