AC power loss and signal coupling in very large scale integration backend interconnects

C. C. Chen*, H. L. Kao, C. C. Liao, Albert Chin, Sean P. Mcalister, C. C. Chi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Both the coupling and AC power losses in integrated circuit interconnects in the radio-frequency regime have been measured. The AC power loss decreases with decreasing length, decreasing spacing, and increasing inter metal dielectric (IMD) thickness of parallel metal lines. The unwanted signal coupling and cross-talk monotonically decrease with increasing spacing and decreasing length of the parallel metal lines. However, increasing the IMD thickness from 0.7 to 6 μm improves the low frequency performance but not the maximum operation frequency. Using a high-resistivity Si (HRS) substrate the AC power loss is significantly reduced but is traded off with an increase in coupling loss. The most effective method of reducing both the AC power and coupling losses is the combined use of three dimensional (3D) integration and an HRS, which gives larger than 1-2 orders of magnitude improvement, up to 20 GHz.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2992-2996
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Issue number4 B
StatePublished - 25 Apr 2006


  • 3D
  • AC power
  • Interconnect
  • RF
  • Si

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