Abnormal threshold voltage shift under hot carrier stress in Ti 1-xNx/HfO2 p-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors

Jyun Yu Tsai, Ting Chang Chang*, Wen Hung Lo, Szu Han Ho, Ching En Chen, Hua Mao Chen, Tseung-Yuen Tseng, Ya-Hsiang Tai, Osbert Cheng, Cheng Tung Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This work investigates the channel hot carrier (CHC) effect in HfO 2/Ti1-xNx p-channel metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors (p-MOSFETs). Generally, the subthreshold swing (S.S.) should increase during CHC stress (CHCS), since interface states will be generated near the drain side under high electric field due to drain voltage (Vd). However, our experimental data indicate that S.S. has no evident change under CHCS, but threshold voltage (Vth) shifts positively. This result can be attributed to hot carrier injected into high-k dielectric near the drain side. Meanwhile, it is surprising that such V th degradation is not observed in the saturation region during stress. Therefore, drain-induced-barrier-lowering (DIBL) as a result of CHC-induced electron trapping is proposed to explain the different V th behaviors in the linear and saturation regions. Additionally, the influence of different nitrogen concentrations in HfO2/Ti 1-xNx p-MOSFETs on CHCS is also investigated in this work. Since nitrogen diffuses to SiO2/Si interface induced pre-N it occurring to degrades channel mobility during the annealing process, a device with more nitrogen shows slightly less impact ionization, leading to insignificant charge trapping-induced DIBL behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124505
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number12
StatePublished - 17 Oct 2013

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