Ability of a mutant strain of the microalga Chlorella sp. to capture carbon dioxide for biogas upgrading

Chien Ya Kao, Sheng Yi Chiu, Tzu Ting Huang, Le Dai, Ling Kang Hsu, Chih-Sheng Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, a culture system with outdoor microalgae-incorporating photobioreactors was utilized to upgrade biogas produced from the anaerobic digestion of swine wastewater. Using ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS) random mutagenesis, we isolated a mutant strain of microalga, Chlorella sp. MB-9, which was tolerant to high CH4 and CO2. In the field study of outdoor operation, the maximum growth rates of Chlorella sp. MB-9 aerated with desulfurized biogas at 0.05, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3vvm were 0.32, 0.311, 0.275 and 0.251gL-1d-1. In addition, ∼70% of the CO2 in desulfurized biogas (∼20% CO2, ∼70% CH4, and H2S<50ppm) could be captured by the Chlorella sp. MB-9 cultures. The CH4 concentration in the effluent biogas from the Chlorella cultures increased from its original 70% up to 85-90%. The established outdoor microalgae-incorporating culture system with a gas cycle-switching operation could be efficiently used as a CO2 capture model for biogas upgrading.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-183
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Energy
Volume93
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Biogas
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Chlorella
  • Methane
  • Microalga
  • Photobioreactor

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