Ab initio studies of ClO x reactions. 3. Kinetics and mechanism for the OH + OClO reaction

Zhen Feng Xu, Rongshun Zhu, Ming-Chang Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

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20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mechanism for the OH + OClO reaction on the singlet and triplet surfaces and its rate constants for formation of various products have been investigated by means of ab initio molecular orbital theory and variational RRKM theory calculations. The geometric parameters of stationary points were optimized at the B3LYP level of theory with the 6-311G(d,p) and 6-311+G(3df,2p) basis sets, and the potential energy surfaces were evaluated at the G2M(CC2)//B3LYP/6-311+G(3df,2p) level of theory. Three main product channels, all located on the singlet PES, have been identified: (1) HOO + ClO, (2) HOCl + 1 O 2 , and (3) HOClO 2 , the association product. The predicted results show that the rate constants for channels 1 and 2 are pressure-independent up to 1000 arm and that for channel 3 is strongly pressure dependent. Below 1000 K, all rate constants were found to vary negatively with temperature. The individual and total rate constants in the temperature range from 200 to 1000 K at 1 Torr He pressure can be represented by k 1 (T) = 1.22 × 10 -22 T 2.75 exp(1682/T), k 2 (T) = 5.47 × 10 -20 T 2.07 exp(2064/7), k 3 (T) = 1.37 × 10 4 T -6.61 exp(-536/7) (200-500 K) and 4.99 × 10 54 T -22.36 exp(-9807/T) (500-1000 K), and k tot (T) = 1.78 × 10 -20 T 2.25 exp(2100/T) in units of cm 3 molecule -1 s -1 . The predicted rate constant, with the HOCl + 1 O 2 as the major products in the 300-500 K range, agrees well with available experimental data obtained at 1 Torr He pressure. The high- and low-pressure limits of k 3 can be effectively given by k 3 (T) = 3.24 × 10 -11 T 0.28 exp(-18/T) cm 3 molecule -1 s -1 in 200-2500 K and k 3 ° (7) = 1.28 × 10 -13 T -6.36 exp(-635/7) for 200-800 K, 7.37 × 10 84 T -36.02 exp(-22134/T) for 800-1000 K, and 2.91 × 10 -13 T -8.42 exp(11500/T) for 1000-2500 K in units of cm 6 molecule -2 s -1 with N 2 as the third body.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1040-1049
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume107
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Feb 2003

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