A wirelessly powered CMOS electrochemical sensing interface with power-aware RF-DC power management

Jui Hsiang Tsai, Chen Yi Kuo, Shu Hsuan Lin, Fu To Lin, Yu-Te Liao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

A wirelessly powered electrochemical sensing chip with high-efficiency adaptive power management for a wide RF-powering range and a low-noise chopper-stabilization potentiostat for high-resolution electrochemical current detection is presented. The chip is fabricated using a 0.18- μ text{m} CMOS process. A novel, power-aware, multiple-path, RF-energy harvesting front end extends the high-efficiency (>20%) RF-powering range to 8.5 dB. In the sensor-readout interface, a chopper-stabilization potentiostat with an oscillator-based current readout achieves a 3.3-pA current resolution in the current range of 800nA and an R{2} linearity of 0.9987 while consuming only 4.4μ text{W}. The power efficiency of the electrochemical readout interface is 0.18, and the dynamic detection range is 107 dB.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8291020
Pages (from-to)2810-2820
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers
Volume65
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • chopper-stabilization
  • CMOS
  • electrochemical sensor
  • wirelessly-powered

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