A two-tier heterogeneous mobile ad hoc network architecture and its load-balance routing problem

Chi Fu Huang*, Hung Wei Lee, Yu-Chee Tseng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

13 Scopus citations


The mobile ad hoc network (MANET) has attracted a lot of interest recently. However, most of the existing works have assumed a stand-alone MANET. In this paper, we propose a two-tier, heterogeneous MANET architecture which can support Internet access. The low tier of the network consists of a set of mobile hosts each equipped with a IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN card. In order to connect to the Internet and handle the network partitioning problem, we propose that the high tier is comprised of a subset of the mobile hosts, called gateways, which can access to cellular/infrastructure networks. The high tier is heterogeneous in the sense that the network interfaces in the gateway hosts could be IEEE 802.11 cards, PHS handsets, or GPRS handsets characterized by different bandwidths and latencies. Observing that the gateways could become the bottlenecks of the two-tier network, we propose a set of solutions, namely boundary-moving and host-partitioning solutions, to solve the load-balance routing issue. Implementation issues/concerns of these schemes are discussed. Simulation results are presented to compare these load-balance routing schemes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2163-2167
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Vehicular Technology Conference
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2003
Event2003 IEEE 58th Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC2003-Fall - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: 6 Oct 20039 Oct 2003

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A two-tier heterogeneous mobile ad hoc network architecture and its load-balance routing problem'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this