A new three-terminal partial band-trap-band tunneling (BTB) model is proposed to predict the drain engineering effect and substrate bias effect on gate-induced-drain-leakage (GIDL) characteristics for virgin devices free from electric stress. The lateral field EL and the ratio of lateral field w.r.t. total field e (EL IE) are two key factors responsible for the tunneling barrier lowering and the enhancement of GIDL. The principle to suppress GIDL are two-fold: the first one is to eliminate process induced intrinsic interface states and the second one is to minimize EL and EL l E by using drain engineering or changing bias conditions such as applying forward substrate biases.
- Band-to-band tunneling
- Drain engineering