A switchable digital-analog low-dropout regulator for analog dynamic voltage scaling technique

Wei Chung Chen, Su Yi Ping, Tzu Chi Huang, Yu Huei Lee, Ke-Horng Chen, Chin Long Wey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Dual dynamic voltage scaling (DVS) techniques employed in single-inductor dual-output (SIDO) converters are used to improve the efficiency of the system-on-a-chip (SoC). One DVS technique for digital circuits is controlled by the SoC processor. This paper presents the analog DVS (ADVS) technique for analog circuits to scale voltage across the power MOSFET of the switchable digital-analog (D/A) low-dropout (LDO) regulator which is the post-regulator cascaded in series with the SIDO converter. The ADVS determines the tradeoff between voltage suppression and efficiency. Furthermore, because of the digital operation of the D/A LDO regulator, the quiescent current is further reduced at light loads while the load current requirement is minimized. In addition, the limitation of the capacitor-free LDO is significantly reduced by a few microamperes. The test chip was fabricated using a 40-nm CMOS process. Experimental results demonstrated switchable D/A LDO regulator operation with peak efficiency at 96.7% in analog operation and a 5-mV output voltage ripple at 120-mA load resulting from the advantage of ripple suppression. The power efficiency could be sustained at a value over 92.57% even when the load current decreased to 1 μA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6714547
Pages (from-to)740-750
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Asynchronous digital low-dropout (LDO) regulator
  • bidirectional asynchronous signal pipeline
  • dynamic voltage scaling (DVS)
  • hybrid operation
  • million instructions per second performance
  • power conversion efficiency
  • power module
  • ripple-based control
  • switching regulator

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