A small-angle neutron scattering study of the kinetics of phase separation in a supersaturated Ni-12.5 at. pct Si alloy

S. Polat*, Haydn Chen, J. E. Epperson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The kinetic behavior of precipitation in a supersaturated Ni-12.5 at. pct Si alloy single crystal has been studied by the small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) technique to supplement earlier transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and wide-angle X-ray diffraction (XRD) work. The SANS measurements performed at room temperature on quenched specimens subjected to isothermal anneals at 400, 450, 505, and 550 °C for various amounts of time have revealed the presence of an interference peak in the scattering function. The particle size, determined according to the Guinier approximation, is found to grow in accordance with the diffusion controlled model put forth by Lifshitz and Slyozov, and independently by Wagner. The activation energy for solute diffusion is determined using the rate constants governing the growth of particle size and the variation of the mean interparticle distance. Results are in agreement with the values given in the literature. Transition from an earlier growth stage has been observed, and enhanced diffusion is noted at temperatures below 505 °C; both observations are consistent with the previous X-ray results. The dynamical scaling law appears to be followed by the data obtained in the coarsening stage. A disruption of scaling occurs at the point when the particle growth changes from a parabolic rate behavior to a cubic coarsening rate. Dynamical scaling offers the potential for projecting the service lifetimes for components from experimental measurements carried out over a much shorter time interval. Discrepancies in the size parameters determined by different techniques are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)699-710
Number of pages12
JournalMetallurgical Transactions A
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 1989

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