A Single Large Assembly with Dynamically Fluctuating Swarms of Gold Nanoparticles Formed by Trapping Laser

Tetsuhiro Kudo*, Shang Jan Yang, Hiroshi Masuhara

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Laser trapping has been utilized as tweezers to three-dimensionally trap nanoscale objects and has provided significant impacts in nanoscience and nanotechnology. The objects are immobilized at the position where the tightly focused laser beam is irradiated. Here, we report the swarming of gold nanoparticles in which component nanoparticles dynamically interact with each other, keeping their long interparticle distance around the trapping laser focus at a glass/solution interface. A pair of swarms are directionally extended outside the focal spot perpendicular to the linear polarization like a radiation pattern of dipole scattering, while a doughnut-shaped swarm is prepared by circularly polarized trapping laser. The light field is expanded as scattered light through trapped nanoparticles; this modified light field further traps the nanoparticles, and scattering and trapping cooperatively develop. Due to these nonlinear dynamic processes, the dynamically fluctuating swarms are evolved up to tens of micrometers. This finding will open the way to create various swarms of nanoscale objects that interact and bind through the scattered light depending on the properties of the laser beam and the nanomaterials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5846-5853
Number of pages8
JournalNano Letters
Volume18
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Laser trapping
  • gold nanoparticles
  • interface
  • light scattering
  • optical binding
  • swarming

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