A novel configuration is described for a compact microstripline fed slot antenna which is shorter than one-eighth wavelength at the operating frequency. Antenna size is reduced by placing two matching capacitors at both sides of an electrically small open-end slot, through the use of a wideband antenna equivalent circuit model established by considering the physical geometry. With the proposed antenna configuration, a 2.45 GHz slot antenna is first designed using an open-end slot of size 9 mm by 1.5 mm that is originally resonant at 4.8 GHz in a conventional design. Experimental results correlate well with those of the full-wave simulation and the equivalent circuit calculation, which shows a bandwidth of 109 MHz and peak gain of 1.89 dBi. By using the same slot size, several slot antennas operating at even lower frequencies (1.9, 1.64, 1.57 GHz) are then designed and demonstrated. Nearly omni-directional radiation patterns with peak gains 0 dBi and radiation efficiencies larger than 45% are obtained. Given its simplicity and compactness, the proposed electrically small antenna is feasible for circuit integration and highly promising for wireless mobile devices.
Wang, Y-S., & Chung, S-J. (2010). A Short Open-End Slot Antenna With Equivalent Circuit Analysis. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 58(5), 1771-1775. https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2010.2044471