A sampling and classification item selection approach with content balancing

Pei-Hua Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Existing automated test assembly methods typically employ constrained combinatorial optimization. Constructing forms sequentially based on an optimization approach usually results in unparallel forms and requires heuristic modifications. Methods based on a random search approach have the major advantage of producing parallel forms sequentially without further adjustment. This study incorporated a flexible content-balancing element into the statistical perspective item selection method of the cell-only method (Chen et al. in Educational and Psychological Measurement, 72(6), 933–953, 2012). The new method was compared with a sequential interitem distance weighted deviation model (IID WDM) (Swanson & Stocking in Applied Psychological Measurement, 17(2), 151–166, 1993), a simultaneous IID WDM, and a big-shadow-test mixed integer programming (BST MIP) method to construct multiple parallel forms based on matching a reference form item-by-item. The results showed that the cell-only method with content balancing and the sequential and simultaneous versions of IID WDM yielded results comparable to those obtained using the BST MIP method. The cell-only method with content balancing is computationally less intensive than the sequential and simultaneous versions of IID WDM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-106
Number of pages9
JournalBehavior Research Methods
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Automated test assembly
  • Flexible content balancing
  • Multiple forms
  • Sampling and classification method

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