A review of essential standards and patent landscapes for the Internet of Things: A key enabler for Industry 4.0

Amy J.C. Trappey*, Charles V. Trappey, Usharani Hareesh Govindarajan, Allen C. Chuang, John J. Sun

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper is a formal overview of standards and patents for Internet of Things (IoT) as a key enabler for the next generation advanced manufacturing, referred as Industry 4.0 (I 4.0). IoT at the fundamental level is a means of connecting physical objects to the Internet as a ubiquitous network that enables objects to collect and exchange information. The manufacturing industry is seeking versatile manufacturing service provisions to overcome shortened product life cycles, increased labor costs, and fluctuating customer needs for competitive marketplaces. This paper depicts a systematic approach to review IoT technology standards and patents. The thorough analysis and overview include the essential standard landscape and the patent landscape based on the governing standards organizations for America, Europe and China where most global manufacturing bases are located. The literature of emerging IoT standards from the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and the Guobiao standards (GB), and global patents issued in US, Europe, China and World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) are systematically presented in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-229
Number of pages22
JournalAdvanced Engineering Informatics
Volume33
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Cyber-physical systems (CPS)
  • Industry 4.0
  • Internet of Thing (IoT)
  • Patent analysis
  • Technology standards

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