A perturbation solution for head fluctuations in a coastal leaky aquifer system considering water table over-height

Mo Hsiung Chuang, Asadi Aghbolaghi Mahdi, Hund-Der Yeh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper develops a new analytical solution for the aquifer system, which comprises an unconfined aquifer on the top, a semi-confined aquifer at the bottom and an aquitard between them. This new solution is derived from the Boussinesq equation for the unconfined aquifer and one-dimensional leaky confined flow equation for the lower aquifer using the perturbation method, considering the water table over-height at the remote boundary. The head fluctuation predicted from this solution is generally greater than the one solved from the linearized Boussinesq equation when the ratio of the tidal amplitude to the thickness of unconfined aquifer is large. It is found that both submarine groundwater discharges from upper and lower aquifers increase with tidal amplitude-aquifer thickness ratio and may be underestimated if the discharge is calculated based on the average head fluctuation. The effects of the aquifer parameters and linearization of the Boussinesq equation on the normalized head fluctuation are also investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-172
Number of pages11
JournalHydrological Sciences Journal
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Boussinesq equation
  • perturbation analysis
  • submarine groundwater discharge
  • tidal fluctuation

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