A novel thermomagnetic-Actuated gripper with a piezoelectric-pyroelectric sensing readout of gripping states and forces

Chin Chung Chen, Tien-Kan Chung*, Chu Yi Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, we reported a thermomagnetic-Actuated gripper with a piezoelectric-pyroelectric sensing readout of gripping states and forces. The gripper consists of two CuBe cantilever beams, a Gd sheet, NdFeB hard magnets, a thermoelectric generator (TEG), a piezoelectric-pyroelectric PZT sheet, and a polymer-polymethyl methacrylate base. When TEG cools the Gd sheet lower than its Curie temperature, the magnetic attraction between the Gd sheet and the NdFeB magnets is produced due to the thermomagnetic property of the Gd sheet. Subsequently, the magnetic attractive force deflects two beams until beams contact to each other. Thus, the gripper can grasp a small object. Furthermore, when the gripper is operated to grasp the object, the piezoelectric-pyroelectric PZT sheet of the gripper produces voltage response. Through analyzing the voltage response, the gripping state is detected and subsequently the gripping force is obtained. After gripping, a negative dc current is applied to TEG to heat the Gd sheet higher than Gd's Curie temperature. Due to this, the magnetic attractive force is reduced and eventually eliminated. Consequently, the beams are separated due to their spring-back force. Thus, the gripper releases the object. The experimental results show that the gripper can be sequentially operated to grasp and release the object. Furthermore, as the current applied to the TEG is increased, the gripping force is increased. The maximum gripping force of the gripper is 0.69 N when a dc current of 0.7 A is applied. Moreover, when comparing conventional magnetic-field-Actuated magnetic grippers, our gripper can be individually operated by applied currents, detect the gripping state, and sense the gripping force.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7990040
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Volume53
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Actuator
  • Gripper
  • Magnetic
  • Piezoelectric
  • Pyroelectric
  • Thermal
  • Thermomagnetic
  • Tweezers

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