A novel oxidized composite braided wires wick structure applicable for ultra-thin flattened heat pipes

Kai Shing Yang, Cheng Wei Tu, Wen Hua Zhang, Chih Ting Yeh, Chi-Chuan Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


This present study proposed a novel low-cost and high performance braided wire wick structure having superhydrophilic treatment applicable for ultra-thin heat pipe. The test wick structures include mono and composite wick structure. The composite braided wire adopts two different diameter wire design, using a large diameter (0.1 mm) in the core while the exterior of the core is covered by smaller diameter copper wire (0.05 mm). The mono design contains only one uniform wire diameter (0.1 mm) in core region. Test results indicate that via oxidizing the surface of the braided wires can largely enhance the surface roughness and result in a much higher capillary force as comparing to the un-oxidized one. In addition, both mono (m-FHP) and composite braided wire (c-FHP) with oxidization could possess a maximum heat transfer capability over 15 W under horizontal operation, and test results showed that the heat transfer capability of composite design outperforms mono one by more than 32.5% in all orientations. It is also found that the filling loading ratio plays essential role on the overall performance of FHP. Either a low filling loading ratio or a high filling loading ratio may yield a lower maximum heat transfer capability and a higher thermal resistance. An optimum filling loading ratio of 125% yields the lowest thermal resistance around 0.12 K/W with the best heat transfer capability of 20 W.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-90
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2017


  • Composite fibers
  • Maximum heat transfer
  • Ultra-thin flattened heat pipes

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